Physics is a fundamental science that studies the general laws of natural phenomena, lays the foundations of worldview at different levels of knowledge of nature, and provides a general basis for the natural-scientific picture of the world. Modern physics, in addition to scientific, has important socio-cultural significance. It has become an integral part of the culture of the high-tech information society.
The fundamental nature of physical knowledge determines the educational and philosophical value of physics as a subject. Due to this, in the structure of the educational sector, it plays the role of a basic component of science education and belongs to the invariant component of general education of students.
What Is Physics As An Academic Discipline?
As an academic discipline, physics provides:
- Deepening of students’ knowledge of the basic properties of matter and fields.
- Mastering methods and techniques for obtaining reliable data on the physical properties of substances.
- Mastering the basic characteristics and methods of measuring mechanical, thermal, electrical, magnetic, and optical properties of substances at both macro-and microscopic levels.
The main tasks in studying the discipline “Physics” include the following:
- Give students broad theoretical training in the field of physical properties of substances and materials.
- Form scientific thinking, correct understanding of the limits of application of various physical concepts, theories and the ability to assess the degree of reliability of the results obtained using experimental or mathematical research methods.
- Acquaint students with modern scientific equipment and develop the initial skills of conducting experimental research in order to identify certain characteristics of the object under study.
- Promote the development of students’ physical thinking and dialectical worldview.
What Areas Does Physics Have?
Physics has a number of sections, among which are the following:
- Experimental physics is a set of studies related to obtaining data on physical phenomena and the world in general.
- Atomic physics studies the structure and properties of atoms and ions, as well as related processes.
- Electrodynamics is based on the study of the electromagnetic field.
- Quantum mechanics logically follows from the awareness of phenomena that are observed in experiments and which cannot be explained on the basis of classical physics.
- Statistical physics studies the properties of macroscopic bodies, based on the analysis of the properties and interaction of microparticles that form this body.
- Thermodynamics is the science of energy conversion.
- Molecular physics is a section that studies the physical properties and physical states of substances depending on their molecular structure and the forces of interaction between molecules.
In fact, physics has more than twenty sections. The above are just the main ones.
How Does Physics Help In Ordinary Life?
Why do we learn physics? What does this knowledge give us? It is possible to allocate several main reasons for studying physics:
- To understand the structure of the world. Physics – the science of nature and the properties of the world. We study this discipline because we want to know why thunder thunders, ponds freeze before rivers, lightning strikes from the bottom up, etc. From a scientific point of view, it explains the picture of the world.
- To understand what is happening with us. We sleep, move, talk, swim – take action or are at rest again due to certain physical laws.
- To take care of your own safety. Thanks to the favorite science of Newton and Pascal, we understand that it is dangerous to touch bare wires or swim in a storm.
- To solve household problems. Physics answers household questions. It research explains that it is better to use energy-saving lamps in the home, that food in a quality microwave is completely harmless, etc.
- To develop logic. Physics also disciplines the brain and teaches logical thinking.
- To use modern technology. Our way of life is inconceivable without modern cars, multi-core processors, social networks, which are based on simple physical phenomena.
- To be an interesting interlocutor. It is possible to raise the authority in society by means of the breadth of knowledge in the field of physics. Many people are respected for their knowledge.
How To Study Physics Effectively?
Each section of physics usually develops on certain basic laws. These basic provisions, which are the foundation for the study of each section of physics, constitute general physics. Therefore, it is extremely important to master these fundamental principles of physics well and completely.
Everyone should remember that he should carry out the study of science in a way that is easier for him, he should never overpower himself. Choose books on physics and mechanics that are more suitable for you, since those that you like best are the best for you. Some people like one book, others like another. The one that is most readily accepted and is the best book for you.
You should consider the independent study of physics from the book as your main work. Lectures, exercises, practical works will only help you. In lectures, the lecturer presents the material in his own way, expresses his point of view. He lectures you from small notes, he can skip a lot. He can give a general idea. But only after reading the textbook will you be able to fully understand the material.
Much attention should be focused on solving problems, laboratory work, the ability to use the acquired knowledge. Exercises and laboratory works are the best way to test your knowledge. You should take them as a way to test your knowledge. If you know how to solve problems, calculate, conduct an experiment and understand it, then you understand a particular section of physics.
So, the importance of physics in the life of people is enormous. Everyone should acquire knowledge of this discipline. The study should begin with the development of independent thinking. You should understand the task, not memorize the material. This is an easy way to successfully master physics!